Ward 1700s  Ward 1800 - 1850  Ward Forbears

This page charts my genealogy from the family of Bishop William Wykeham (c. 1322 - 1404), founder of Winchester College.

I researched this line after coming across a quote in Winifred Gérin’s Horatia Nelson biography (p. 236) saying my 3rd great-grandfather Philip Ward was Winchester “Founder’s Kin” (descended from the family of William Wykeham) through his mother’s Smyth line.  The majority of documentation for this lineage comes via historic genealogies (of which a number have been preserved by Winchester College).

Above: McKenzie map of Sussex with Bolney circled in red, source: https://ukga.org/images/maps/Sussex.jpg

Above: Rishangles old church

Above: Winchester College cloister

Above: New College, Oxford

Above: detail of the genealogy Nelson Ward presented to Winchester College in 1936

Above: Holt, Norfolk

Above: Monumental brass in Ulcombe Church, Kent, to Ralph St Leger (died 1470) and his wife "Anne" Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18077774

Two of Ralph's younger brothers married prominent wives: Sir Thomas St Leger (c. 1440 – 1483) married Anne of York (1439–1476), elder sister of Kings Edward IV and Richard III, and Sir James St Leger (c.1441 – post 1509), who married Anne Butler, a daughter of Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond, great-aunt of Queen Anne Boleyn.

Above: Marie Clough’s introduction to The Book of Bartholomew Bolney (1964) Sussex History Society (full introduction above).  Link

Above: section of Saxton first printed Sussex map (1575) with Rishangle circled in red

Above: record of Bartholomew Bolney’s oath in 1419: Winchester College archives

7th great-grandmother

6th great-grandfather

13th great-grandfather

Above: tomb of Bartholomew and Aleonora Bolney, Firle

Above: Rishangles composite mill

Above: St Peter & St Paul Church (Swaffham Parish Church)

8th great-grandmother

Above: ancestry.co.uk Philip Smyth’s baptism record

Above: William Wykeham c. 1322 - 1404

15th great-grandmother

14th great-grandmother

10th great-grandmother

9th great-grandfather

First name: Phillip

Last name: Smyth

Baptism date: 28 Jan 1676

Father's first name: James

Parish:Norwich, St Michael At Plea

Diocese: Norwich

Archive : Norfolk Record Office

Source: findmypast.co.uk

Above: Weston Longville church

Above: www.familysearch.org baptism record for Page Smyth

Above: www.familysearch.org baptism record for Mary Smyth

Above: www.familysearch.org baptism record for Mary Smyth

Above: ancestry.co.uk Bishop's Transcripts, 1579-1935 for Philip Smyth

4th great-grandmother

Above: ancestry.co.uk Eleanor Smyth’s baptism record

Above: ancestry.co.uk Susanna Smyth’s baptism record

Above: ancestry.co.uk Mary Smyth’s baptism record

Marriage of 4th great-grandparents

5th great-grandfather

12th great-grandfather

Marriage of 5th great-grandparents

Wykeham Line

1320s

William Wykeham, born Long (or Longe) was the son of John Longe, a landowner at Wickham, Hampshire

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William Wykeham was born around 1324 in Wickham, Hampshire, and the son of John Long, a villager of some substance. If not quite a story of 'rags to riches', his spectacular career can have owed little to his family background. Presumably John Long was able to sacrifice his son's labour on the farm and provide some support for his education.  

www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/670

Matilda Archmore (William Wykeham’s 1st cousin) marries John Beke of Micheldever, Hampshire

Agnes Beke marries Guido Ayno

This generation is only listed on Nelson Ward’s genealogy (right). Without further evidence, I am discounting it as it is not included in Winchester College’s archive entry for Bartholomew Bolney (below), The Baronetage of England (1804) genealogy (below) nor Marie Clough’s introduction to the Book Of Bartholomew Bolney, published by Sussex History Society in 1964 (below)

Joanna Ayno marries John Bolney of Bolney Manor, Sussex

Boloneys of Sussex

Manor

BOLNEY is not mentioned in the Domesday Survey, but in 1284 it was held by Earl Warenne and the Bishop of Chichester. About this time the manor was held of the Bishop of Chichester, as of his manor of Preston, for a quarter fee, by Bartholomew de Bolne, and was defined as 800 acres in Bolney and Cuckfield. He may have succeeded a Robert de Bolneya, mentioned in 1248. John de Bolneye was the principal landowner of the family in 1296 and held the manor about 1310. In the middle of the 14th century there is mention of a John, who had a brother Robert and a son William; while another John appears to have been holding the property in 1423–6. Bartholomew de Bolney, who was living in 1446, had three sons, John, Richard, and Edward, of whom John died without issue before 1461, about which time Bolney manor was held by Richard and Edward.  Edward also seems to have been childless, and when Richard died in 1500 the manor descended to his son John.  A John Bolney, probably his son, died in 1558, his heir being his nephew John Bolney, but his widow Anne, who married secondly Thomas Culpeper of Wakehurst, and thirdly Henry Barkeley, D.C.L., retained a claim on the manor during her life.

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Source: www.british-history.ac.uk

C. 1404

Bartholomew Bolney born

See record of Winchester College oath given aged 15 below

1415

Bartholomew Bolney enrols at Winchester College (right)

Jul 1419

Bartholomew Bolney takes his oath at Winchester College – obligatory for boys turned fifteen (left)

Above: Introduction to The Book of Bartholomew Bolney by Marie Clough, M.A., Ph.D.. Published by Sussex Record Society in 1964 (extract below left): link

Bartholomew Bolney of Bolney Manor, Sussex marries Aleonora Pokeswell

Above: detail of Sussex map showing Bolney.  Source: www.british-history.ac.uk

Above: extract of The Agrarian History of England and Wales:, Volume 3; Volumes 1348-1500 edited by Edward Miller, p. 563.  Link

1476

Bartholomew Bolney dies and is buried in Firle church Sussex – his tomb also commemorates his wife whose death date is not recorded

Richard Bolney of Bolney Manor, Sussex marries Anne St Leger daughter of Ralph St Leger (1430 - 1470) and Anne née Tyrrell (b. 1410) (pictured left)

1500

Richard Bolney dies (see British History Online quote above)

Bartholomew Bolney Jr. marries Joan Hatch

Jane Bolney marries Thomas Rivet of Rishangles, Suffolk (below and right)

Above: detail of Susffolk map showing Rishangles.  Source: www.british-history.ac.uk

John Rivet marries Elizabeth daughter of George Brookes of Suffolk

Margaret Rivet marries Robert Drury of Besthorpe Hall, Norfolk (pictured below)

Above: Besthorpe Hall, 16 miles south-west of Norwich

Mary Drury marries James Smyth of Blickling, Norfolk and London

C. 1668

Birth of Drury Smyth

(He was 19 years in 1687: see College of Arms extract: right)

C. 1676

Birth of Philip Smyth

(He was 11 years in 1687: see College of Arms extract: right)

28 Jan 1676

Philip Smyth baptised in St Michael At Plea, Norwich (left)

1690

13-year-old Philip enrols at Winchester College

Winchester College Archives state: 

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We have two boys called Philip Smyth who are recorded as scholars/Founder’s Kin.

The first was in 1690 and this Philip is noted as coming from Norwich and was 13 years old at admission. We have a note that he went on to New College and was then rector of Weston, Norfolk and vicar of Marshfield in Gloucestershire, and that he died in 1733.

By email (4 May 2018)

17 Sep 1697

19-year-old Philip Smyth enrols at New College, Oxford (see Oxford alumni record, below)

1701

Philip Smyth awarded B.A. New College, Oxford (see Oxford alumni record, above)

1705

Philip Smyth awarded M.A. New College, Oxford (see Oxford alumni record, above)

1715

Philip Smyth rector of Weston Longville and vicar of Ringland, Norfolk (see Oxford alumni record, above)

17 Nov 1718

Philip Smyth (Smith) Clerk of Weston marries Susannah Bodham at Swaffham, Norfolk (right, church pictured left)

Marriage of 6th great-grandparents

Above: 1848 map of Norfolk with Swaffham, Weston (Longville), Ringland and Gimingham circled. Source: https://ukga.org/images/maps/Norfolk-Lew1848.jpg

29 Oct 1719

Philip Smyth and Susannah’s first child, Page was baptised at Gimingham (near Trunch), Norfolk (left)

www.familysearch.org baptism records attribute male gender for all of Philip and Susannah’s children and it is not clear if Page was a girl or boy

30 Mar 1721

Philip Smyth and Susannah’s son, Philip was baptised at Gimingham (near Trunch), Norfolk (right)

5 Mar 1721/2

Philip Smyth and Susannah’s daughter, Mary was baptised at Gimingham (near Trunch), Norfolk (left)

Although her baptism date is written as 1721, the Julian calendar new year wasn’t until 25th March, meaning Mary was baptised nearly a year after Philip.

23 Feb 1722/3

Philip Smyth and Susannah’s daughter, Susannah was baptised at Gimingham (near Trunch), Norfolk (right)

Although her baptism date is written as 1722, the Julian calendar new year wasn’t until 25th March,

7 Apr 1724

Philip Smyth and Susannah’s daughter, Susannah was baptised at Gimingham (near Trunch), Norfolk (left)

We can assume the first baby Susannah had died

Above: Gimingham watermill

C. Aug 1733

57-year-old Philip Smyth dies (see burial record left)

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4 Aug 1733

Philip Smyth buried at Gimingham (left)

21 Jun 1757

36-year-old Philip Smyth Jr. marries Eleanor Thompson at Holt (right)

Although the bride’s parish is about 15 miles west of Gimingham, she is named in Nelson Ward’s genealogy (top of page, detail = left) and her forename tallies with Philip’s children’s Weston Longville baptism records

Above: detail of 1848 map of Norfolk with Gimingham and Holt circled. Source: https://ukga.org/images/maps/Norfolk-Lew1848.jpg

20 May 1757

Eleanor daughter of Philip Smyth Jr. and Eleanor baptised at Weston Longville (left, map = right)

17 Nov 1760

Susanna daughter of Philip Smyth Jr. and Eleanor baptised at Holt (left)

12 Jul 1762

Mary daughter of Philip Smyth Jr. and Eleanor baptised at Holt (left)

8 Aug 1782

Eleanor Smyth marries Marmaduke Ward Jr. at Gimingham, near Trunch (right)

Above: Rivet family crest (detail from College of Arms genealogy)

C. 1609

Birth of Margaret Rivet 

(She was 3 years in 1612: see College of Arms extract: right)

27 Mar 1759

Philip (only) son of Philip Smyth Jr. and Eleanor baptised at Weston Longville (left)

11 Jun 1765

Harriet daughter of Philip Smyth Jr. and Eleanor baptised at Holt (right)

Death of 6th great-grandfather

11th great-grandfather

Above: College of Arms Rivet genealogy given to Winchester College by Nelson Ward in 1948

Above: details of College of Arms Rivet genealogy given to Winchester College by Nelson Ward in 1948

Above: details of College of Arms Rivet genealogy given to Winchester College by Nelson Ward in 1948

Above: details of College of Arms Rivet genealogy given to Winchester College by Nelson Ward in 1948

Above: details of College of Arms Rivet genealogy given to Winchester College by Nelson Ward in 1948

Above: The Baronetage of England, Or The History of the English Baronets, and Such Baronets of Scotland, as are of English Families; with Genealogical Tables, and Engravings of Their Coats of Arms – William Betham link

Above: www.familysearch.org baptism record for Philip Smyth

Above: detail of 1848 map of Norfolk with Weston Longville, Gimingham and Holt circled. Source: https://ukga.org/images/maps/Norfolk-Lew184.jpg

Above: ancestry.co.uk Mary Smyth’s baptism record

Wickham, Hampshire

Above: genealogy submitted to Winchester College by Nelson Ward (my great-grandmother’s 1st cousin) in 1936 (courtesy of Winchester College)

Bolney, Sussex

Above: Winchester College’s edited entry for Bartholomew Bolney’s admittance as Founder’s Kin (relation to William Wykeham) in 1415

Bolney, Sussex

Ulcombe, Kent

Above: details of College of Arms Rivet genealogy given to Winchester College by Nelson Ward in 1948

Rishangles, Suffolk

Besthorpe Hall, Norfolk

Blickling, Norfolk

Winchester College

New College, Oxford

Weston Longvile,

Norfolk

Swaffham, Norfolk

Gimingham, Norfolk

Gimingham, Norfolk

Above: www.familysearch.org baptism record for Susannah Smyth

Gimingham, Norfolk

Above: ancestry.co.uk marriage record for Philip Smyth and Eleanor Thompson

Holt, Norfolk

Weston Longville, Norfolk